Answered By: Emily Spracklin
Last Updated: Oct 18, 2021     Views: 408

In APA style, use the DOI whenever possible. If no DOI is present, it is OK to include the URL instead.

DOI's are unique identifiers that create a persistent link to online content. In the reference entry, they are the last element and should be formatted as hyperlinks, for example:

Domgaard, S., Park, M. (2021). Combating misinformation: The effects of infographics in verifying false vaccine news. Health Education Journal. 80(8), 974-986.

When accessing articles through library databases and online journal subscriptions, the DOI link provided might include EZ Proxy information unique to WWU students and faculty. For example:

Do NOT include EZ Proxy information in the reference entry. To revise this DOI link, copy and paste the number string to the end of this web address: (the x part refers to the number string). So, in this case it would like this:


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